One of the most popular procedures performed in veterinary offices is castration or sterilization. This is due to the growing public awareness and understanding of the problem of having an overly large population of cats. This is due to the rather high fertility of kittens, which can give our world kittens even 2-3 times a year.
Unfortunately, the number of homes ready to accept new kittens is not as large and not as fast as these kittens are born.
The current situation creates overcrowding, which usually ends with the kittens ending up in shelters, foundations or temporary homes. So far, they are lucky, because in the absence of this they often become victims of collisions with vehicles or are severely crippled, and this usually ends with their death. There are also known cases when little kittens were left in cardboard boxes or bags for certain death.
Fortunately, there are ways to prevent this. In addition to the popular pharmacological method, which offers birth control pills for kittens, sterilization or castration is possible.
Sterilization Is an anesthetic procedure that involves cutting or ligating the vas deferens in cats and cutting or ligating the ovaries in cats, resulting in lifelong infertility, but hormone production and sex drive remain at current levels. In cats, this procedure is most often performed before or immediately after the end of the first estrus. Some veterinarians recommend sterilization as early as 4 months after birth. It is not recommended to neuter kittens during estrus. Naturally, the most popular treatments are non-breeding cats that are not intended to intentionally reproduce.
The main advantage of neutering kittens:
– prevention of unwanted pregnancy and the birth of unwanted kittens
Castration performed especially in domestic cats. It consists in removing the testes from men and the ovaries and uterus from women. In the case of men, this necessity is due to the notorious significance of the terrain, and thus they urinate with their urine from all directions. The urine of a mature, uncastrated man has a pungent odor. Writing is a natural phenomenon, and the only solution to this problem is castration. Thanks to this method, cats lose their sex drive. Neutering is most often recommended for people under 8 months of age because younger cats have significantly fewer postoperative complications associated with wound healing than older cats, although they may take up to 12 days to heal.
The benefits of male castration include:
– elimination of the importance of the site
– prevention of aggression directed at other individuals of this species, which is responsible for a decrease in testosterone
– restriction of long trips in the area in search of an “attractive cat”,
– cessation of sexual desire
– prevention of unwanted pregnancy
– prevention of diseases, including inflammation of the testicles, hematomas
– prevention of cancer, especially prostate cancer, which is especially popular in cats
– no fairy
– prevention of ovarian and uterine cancer by removing the reproductive organs
– reducing the risk of breast cancer
– prevention of pyomycosis (in case of its formation in unsterilized cats, the only salvation of her life is the immediate removal of these organs)
PREPARING THE CAT FOR TREATMENT
Before deciding on neutering or neutering, it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself with the veterinary offices available in the area and ask friends who have cats and who use the services of these institutions about them. The cost of both treatments is not very high, and from time to time there are special campaigns to neuter and neuter cats at lower prices and even free.
Because these are risky surgical procedures, it is recommended that blood and heart tests be performed prior to planned surgery to check the animal s ability to perform the planned surgery. Regardless of whether it is sterilization or castration, both procedures are performed under general anesthesia.
A small patient should be on an empty stomach during such a procedure. Usually it lasts up to 1 hour, but it takes some time to get the cat or kitten out of the anesthetic, so be patient.
The best solution is to pick up a cat or kitten from the clinic that is already awake and in full contact. After the procedure, the cat is given appropriate antibiotics and pain relievers.
After returning home, peace and quiet should be ensured so that the patient recovers in the best possible conditions (fortunately, cats usually recover quickly).
We serve water only after 6-8 hours, and the same with food. Wet food is best because dry food poses a choking hazard.
The following postoperative complications include:
– pain after surgery
– swelling or bruising in the wound area
– surgical wound infection
– postoperative renal failure
Due to the fact that some veterinarians have neutered cats only by removing the ovaries, remember that this will not prevent the development of pyomatosis in the cat. Therefore, the uterus must be removed during this procedure.
A few days after the procedure, a second visit is required, which must be agreed with the veterinarian.
You should also introduce an appropriate diet for cats, because after castration and sterilization, the predisposition to obesity increases, which means that they have problems with being overweight (for example, due to a decrease in metabolism). Fortunately, food manufacturers have prepared a special offer in the form of food for neutered cats. These are specialized foods with reduced calorie content.