Small dog breeds are very popular not only among celebrities, but also in our apartments and houses. Check out the most popular small dog breeds!
Small dogs are popular for several reasons. Firstly, because of their “mobility” – due to their small size (from 20 to about 35 cm), they can follow the guard in many places. In addition, they will fit well even in not very large apartments and will live longer than their older brothers. But most of all, these kids are just adorable!
Size Doesn’t Matter, But Workout Matters
However, whether you choose a large dog or a small one, you must not forget that it is primarily a dog. Even if it looks more like a plush mascot than a “dangerous” Rottweiler! Owning each animal comes with some challenges and responsibilities. Do not be fooled by the small size of the dog, as such a baby compensates for his size by strength of character. Small dogs, like large dogs, need a lot of exercise, activity, and learning about basic social principles.
Small dog syndrome
Some small dogs exhibit what is known as small dog syndrome. This happens when the guardian allows the animal to control the environment or treats their pet like a child and does not set any rules for it. Cause? After all, this dog looks so cute … Sometimes the guardian of the toddler also thinks that such a mini-animal – unlike his larger friend – cannot harm anyone and, as a rule, is a dog of “self-education”. The quadruped can then begin to exhibit behaviors such as growling (when touching its food or toys), biting, and excessive barking.
Small dogs and their health problems
Small dogs are not indifferent to diseases, although, of course, they are often different from the diseases of giants. Some of them are listed below:
- Brachycephalic Syndrome: Brachycephalic breeds, that is, dogs with a short muzzle and a flattened muzzle, incl. Boxers, Pugs, Bulldogs and Pekingese have upper respiratory problems.
- Hypoglycemia: a rapid drop in blood sugar levels, often caused by stress. This is especially true for small breed dogs.
- Pancreatitis: a condition that can affect all dogs, but is most common in small dogs. Pancreatitis can be caused by all sorts of problems – obesity, infections, injuries, and metabolic disorders.
- Collapse of the trachea: progressive tracheal disease. Most common in small breed dogs. As the rings that hold the shape of your dog’s trachea loosen, it may begin to flatten. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the animal to breathe.
- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: the joints where the upper limb (femur) attaches to the pelvic bone are affected. When blood flow to the femoral head is interrupted, bone cells can begin to die off and the femoral head can become deformed. The bone loses mass and the hip joint deteriorates, causing pain and lameness and ultimately causing the muscles in the affected leg to contract. The disease occurs in almost all small dog breeds and usually appears between 4 and 12 months of age.
- Violation of the body’s homeostasis: small dogs do not tolerate extreme temperatures. Therefore, sudden exposure to cold can dangerously lower body temperature, so clothing is essential.
The most popular small dog breeds
If you are in love with a small dog and think this size is perfect for you, check out our list of the most popular small dog breeds. Remember, sometimes a great character comes in a small package! In addition, the selection of minipes is really huge … Below we present 15 subjectively selected races by us.
1. Miniature Pinscher
Even if you do not know the full name of this breed, you must have heard of such colloquial counterparts as “ratlerek” or “deer”. Once quite popular, today somewhat forgotten miniature pinschers are energetic and cheerful dogs. However, it cannot be denied that they have the character of tireless barking. In addition, their tough nature makes itself felt when we want to convince the dog to do something that it does not want. Nevertheless, for active people looking for a small companion for sports, this breed should be interesting.
2. Yorkshire Terrier.
We’re sure that when it comes to small dogs, the Yorkie is one of the first breeds to come up with. Don’t be fooled by the small size of this dog! Yorkies are extremely brave and, with their professional charm, get into … trouble. These little dogs also love to bark at each other. Therefore, they will not hesitate for a second to inform the guardian that something is happening. While York could be a little housekeeper, let’s not forget that she is a true terrier who loves to cuddle and kick around in the garden.
3. Miniature poodle.
These curly-haired dogs are very often chosen as family companions, and this is not surprising. Perhaps due to its quirky and sophisticated appearance, many people don’t realize that the Poodle is a very intelligent breed of dog. Likes to study, willingly participates in training. Moreover, dogs of this breed are affectionate and quite easy to handle. If you are looking for a small and active dog, this poodle is for you.
Once extremely popular, these little dogs love to play. Dachshunds get along with both children and other pets. They are cute, friendly and funny, but they will also not hesitate to defend their loved ones. They are of three types – the dachshund is short-haired, wire-haired or long-haired. Each of these species has slightly different personalities. The short-haired dachshund is the most stubborn of the three. This breed of dog feels good in a small apartment, but on the street the dachshund will greedily sniff and explore the surroundings with pleasure.
5. Shih Tzu
A real companion dog. The Shih Tzu is a trusting, affectionate and sociable dog. In addition, these are animals with a charming disposition, so they will win the hearts of many lovers of small dogs. Shih Tzu enjoy their time, having fun and walking. These little dogs pride themselves on their aristocratic temperament, so they can be stubborn at times.
These are the smallest, even pocket dogs. This breed of dog can often be found in … a nanny’s purse. We are convinced that the Chihuahua would still prefer to stand on the ground. This microscopic body hides a real volcano of energy. Chihuahua loves himself and is an extremely loyal dog. However, these dogs are not for everyone – they are not suitable, for example, in homes with small children. Through socialization and training, Chihuahuas can become wonderful and loyal companions of a person who will spend a lot of time with them.
7. Miniature Schnauzer.
Thanks to their sensitivity, these little dogs get along well with both children and the elderly. Their alert nature and natural protective instincts make these dogs a good watchdog. The Miniature Schnauzer is an energetic little dog with a friendly but tough temperament. This dog is very devoted to his family and feels responsible for it. However, it also has traces of the barking breed and therefore requires solid training.
Pomeranians are very cute – they look like they are constantly smiling, even if they scribble something. Plus, they look like a little plush lion. The Pomeranian is a sociable and friendly dog, although it can seem a little cocky at times. These small dogs have a tendency to bark, which however makes them excellent watchdogs. Miniature Spitz are loyal to their relatives. Pomeranians are great pets for people looking for a small but energetic dog, a companion looking for fun and a person with a strong character.
9. French Bulldog.
Another little dog who loves to play. At the same time, they seem so light-hearted while playing! They are also great companions for children. They will be happy to lie comfortably on the couch with their caregiver or take a nap with him. Due to their shortened muzzle, they have trouble breathing – especially in summer. Therefore, short but regular walks are enough to make the bulldog feel happy.
There are actually two popular corgi breeds – the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. The latter is characterized by the absence of a tail. These little dogs are funny, sociable and intelligent. However, they are sometimes noisy, making them suitable for a watchman despite their small size.
11. Bichon Frize
Cheerful, energetic and cheerful – this is how the owners most often describe the representative of this breed. Looks like he fell into a bubble bath. Bichon Frize are friendly to both strangers and other dogs. These little dogs are very sensitive, they will also be happy to snuggle up to their guardian. However, they dislike being left alone, so they may bark when left alone at home. Bichon training can be challenging, but worth a try.
12. Boston Terrier.
Despite its small stature, Boston looks strong and playful at the same time. In addition, the color of the dogs of this breed resembles an elegant tuxedo, which adds to their seriousness. Bostons are sensitive, smart, loyal, level-headed and energetic – they love to play, but they also enjoy spending time in the lap of their caregivers. Some dogs of this breed can be stubborn, but usually they want to learn. They are willing to establish a deep relationship with their caregiver.
These little wrinkled puppies are very cute. They are also known for their funny pranks – they love to show off. The pug is said to be “a big dog in a small space.” Well, that’s true. Plus, they are affectionate dogs that are not afraid to cuddle, making them a great choice as a family companion. However, if you are looking for an exercise partner, the pug is not the best choice. Primarily because he may have breathing problems.
Dogs of this breed are energetic and form a strong bond with their handler. Maltese are suitable for allergy sufferers because they are less prone to allergies – unlike undercoated breeds. These small dogs are friendly and often get along very well with other dogs and cats. They were bred as companion dogs, so they don’t like to be alone at home for long.
15. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The gentlemen are distinguished by their gentle disposition. They are cute, funny, loyal and affectionate. They are perfect for the first dog in life. These little dogs are not only great companions, but they are also easy to train. They are characterized by a friendly attitude towards other dogs and strangers, but most of all they are focused on their guardian. Cavaliers love to sniff and run, so it is highly recommended to diversify your daily walks with interesting games.