If a puppy has recently appeared in the family, then this is a serious reason to think about training. The opinion is erroneous that you need to wait until the ward grows up and only then begin training. A little friend will be able to learn commands faster and easier, especially in a playful way. Cynologists have found that a puppy can be trained from the age of 3 months.
Features of training a puppy
The best place to start training is in the area where the puppy lives. If this is an unfamiliar room, then the ward will need time to get used to. It is advisable that none of the outsiders was present during training at the initial stages and did not distract the pet.
It is not necessary to start training after a long absence of the owner. It is necessary to play properly, pay attention to the dog, and then start training. And also, you should not feed the pet, so as not to lose the incentive to execute the command.
Puppy training in the first days should not exceed 5-10 minutes. Further, you need to gradually increase the time. Full training for a puppy who has learned the basic commands should not be more than 1 hour. It is best to train more often, but at short intervals, so that the puppy does not get tired. There must be breaks between the teams for the game or affection from the host.
How do I start teaching teams?
Teaching the pet commands is necessary in stages. First, achieve the exact execution of one command, only then move on to another. First, you should study all the simplest commands, then move on to more complex ones.
In the process of training, the owner must show firmness of character, perseverance and patience. Commands should be spoken in a calm, neutral voice. Aggression against the puppy is unacceptable. It is important to remember the importance of praise at the moment of command execution.
If inappropriate or disobedient behavior occurs, the puppy should be punished. It should be only at the moment of committing an offense, and not after it, otherwise, the pet will not understand the reason for the owner’s behavior.
What are the commands to train the puppy?
The very first command to practice should be endurance. This is the foundation of puppy obedience. When filling the bowl with your favorite food, give the command “no” and pull the dog’s leash towards you. After 5 seconds, say “you can” and release the tension.
During the training of this team, you need to do intervals of no more than 30 seconds and be close to the pet.
Basic commands for training:
1. “To me”
Fulfillment: the puppy is in the far corner of the room from the owner, the owner gives a command and slaps his hand on the hip. This command will help you control the dog’s actions from a distance.
It is performed both during a walk and during training. If the puppy has a prohibited object in its mouth, then the command “fu” follows. She protects the pet from various diseases and damage to property.
When the puppy clings to your favorite toy, you need to take it by the opposite end, then clearly and confidently say “give”. When executing the command, you must return the item to the puppy. So he will be sure that he has not lost his toy. If the item does not belong to the pet, then the command “fu” is spoken. This command helps the owner develop obedience in the puppy.
Take a treat in one hand and say “sit.” At this time, bring the other hand above the dog’s head or lower it to the pelvic area, gently pressing. This training helps the dog to be obedient in transport, when visiting the veterinarian or the store.
Having said the command “to stand”, the owner lifts the puppy by the collar with one hand and supports the belly with the other. It should be ensured that the puppy does not make any unnecessary movements with its hind legs and stands upright. The team helps to develop obedience in the puppy.
It can be concluded that puppy training is very important and should not be neglected. It is necessary to start training at home. Teaching commands should be phased, and commands should be given in a calm and confident voice. It is better to practice more often, but less time.